Austrian philosopher Otto Neurath (1882-1945), a founder of the Vienna Circle and the Unity of Science movement, was a collaborator with the leading planners, architects and artists of his time: Adolf Loos, Rudolf Carnap, Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Josef Frank, László Moholy-Nagy and Le Corbusier. Involved in housing development and museum exhibitions, Neurath promoted participatory forms of democratic exchange, eager to create what he termed a 'global polis.' His inclinations and efforts had a profound influence on a range of disciplines, including architecture, philosophy, economics, urbanism, and design.
The Wiener Werkstätte (WW, 19031932) left a lasting mark on the history of product development and even today its output continues to be a significant influence for architects and designers. Apart from numerous objects from WW-production, since 1955 the MAK holds its archive that provides illustration of the production process of the products made in the Werkstätte, and also clarifies their identification and specifications.